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Melanochromis

Der Melanochromis Arten Komplex gehört zu der Gruppe der Mbunas im Malawisee. In ihrer natürlichen Umgebung bevorzugen sie die steilen Küsten und die Felsbiotope. Bei den meisten Arten vom Melanochromis unterscheiden sich die männlichen Tiere von den weiblichen in der Farbe stark. Beim M. auratus z.B. ist das, was beim Männchen noch tief dunkelblau bis schwarz ist, beim Weibchen gelb. Wobei hingegen die Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos äußerlich kaum zu unterscheiden sind. Die einzelnen Arten vom Melanochromis unterscheiden sich teilweise vom Körperbau untereinander. Einzelne Arten wie Melanochromis sp. "auratus elongate" und Melanochromis simulans haben einen schlankeren Körper und eine längere Schnauze als andere Arten dieser Gattung.

Artenteil der Gattung Melanochromis

Melanochromis -TREWAVAS, 1935-
- Melanochromis auratus -BOULENGER, 1897-
--- Melanochromis auratus (Mbenji)
--- Melanochromis auratus (Mumbo Island)
--- Melanochromis auratus (Nakantenga Island)
- Melanochromis sp. "auratus elongate"
--- Melanochromis sp. "auratus elongate" (Minos Reef)

--- Melanochromis sp. "auratus elongate" (N´kolongwe)
- Melanochromis baliodigma -BOWERS & STAUFFER, 1997-
--- Melanochromis baliodigma (Chiloelo)
--- Melanochromis baliodigma (Chiofu)
--- Melanochromis baliodigma (Gome)
--- Melanochromis baliodigma (Lumessi)
--- Melanochromis baliodigma (Membe Island, Chizumulu)
--- Melanochromis baliodigma (Narungu)
- Melanochromis brevis -TREWAVAS, 1935-
--- Melanochromis brevis (Chinyankwazi)
--- Melanochromis brevis (Mumbo)
- Melanochromis sp. "brown"
--- Melanochromis sp. "brown" (Chinyamwezi)
- Melanochromis chipokae -JOHNSON, 1975-
--- Melanochromis chipokae (Chidunga Rocks)
--- Melanochromis chipokae (Nakantenga)
- Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos -BOWERS & STAUFFER, 1997-
--- Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos (Maingano, Likoma)
- Melanochromis dialeptos -BOWERS & STAUFFER, 1997-
--- Melanochromis dialeptos (Gome)
--- Melanochromis dialeptos (Lumessi)
--- Melanochromis dialeptos (Narunga)
- Melanochromis sp. "dialeptos blue"
--- Melanochromis sp. "dialeptos blue" (Lumessi)
- Melanochromis heterochromis
--- Melanochromis heterochromis (Chidunga Rocks)
--- Melanochromis heterochromis (Chinyankwazi)
--- Melanochromis heterochromis (Chinyamwezi)
--- Melanochromis heterochromis (Jalo Reef)
--- Melanochromis heterochromis (Mbenji Island)
--- Melanochromis heterochromis (Mumbo Island)
- Melanochromis interruptus -JOHNSON, 1975-
--- Melanochromis interruptus (Mbuzi, Likoma)
--- Melanochromis interruptus (Membe Island, Chizumulu)
--- Melanochromis interruptus (Same Bay, Chizumulu)
- Melanochromis joanjohnsonae -JOHNSON, 1974-
--- Melanochromis joanjohnsonae (Maingano, Likoma)
--- Melanochromis joanjohnsonae (Thumbi West)
- Melanochromis johannii -ECCLES, 1973-
--- Melanochromis johannii (Chilucha Reef)
--- Melanochromis johannii (Gome)
--- Melanochromis johannii (Metangula)
- Melanochromis kaskazini -KONINGS-DUDIN, KONINGS & STAUFFER JR, 2009-
- Melanochromis lepidiadaptes -BOWERS & STAUFFER, 1997-
--- Melanochromis lepidiadaptes (Makanjila Point)
- Melanochromis melanopterus -TREWAVAS, 1935-
--- Melanochromis melanopterus (Likoma)
--- Melanochromis melanopterus (Londo)
--- Melanochromis melanopterus (Mbenji)
--- Melanochromis melanopterus (Minos Reef)
--- Melanochromis melanopterus (Mumbo)
--- Melanochromis melanopterus (Nakantenga)
--- Melanochromis melanopterus (Thumbi East)
--- Melanochromis melanopterus (Undu Reef)
- Melanochromis mossambiquensis -KONINGS-DUDIN, KONINGS & STAUFFER JR, 2009-
- Melanochromis sp. "northern blue"
--- Melanochromis sp. "northern blue" (Cape Kaiser)
--- Melanochromis sp. "northern blue" (Manda)
--- Melanochromis sp. "northern blue" (Nkanda)
- Melanochromis parallelus -BURGESS & AXELROD, 1976-
--- Melanochromis parallelus (Chzumulu)
--- Melanochromis parallelus (Linganjala Reef)
--- Melanochromis parallelus (Nkhata Bay)
--- Melanochromis parallelus (Minos Reef)
--- Melanochromis parallelus (Thumbi West)
- Melanochromis sp. "parallelus mbweca"
--- Melanochromis sp. "parallelus mbweca" (Mbweca)
- Melanochromis perileucos -BOWERS & STAUFFER, 1997-
--- Melanochromis perileucos (Masimbwe)
--- Melanochromis perileucos (Membe Point, Likoma)
- Melanochromis robustus -JOHNSON, 1985-
--- Melanochromis robustus (Chitande)
--- Melanochromis robustus (Katale)
--- Melanochromis robustus (Matema)
--- Melanochromis robustus (Mbowe)
--- Melanochromis robustus (Mphanga)
--- Melanochromis robustus (Nkhata)
- Melanochromis sp. "robustus mbenji"
--- Melanochromis sp. "robustus mbenji" (Mbenji)
- Melanochromis simulans -ECCLES, 1973-
--- Melanochromis simulans (Gome)
--- Melanochromis simulans (Lumessi)
--- Melanochromis simulans (Masinje)
--- Melanochromis simulans (Ntekete)
- Melanochromis vermivorus -TREWAVAS, 1935-
--- Melanochromis vermivorus (Boadzulu)
--- Melanochromis vermivorus (Chinyakwazi)
--- Melanochromis vermivorus (Chinyamwezi)
--- Melanochromis vermivorus (Domwe Island)
--- Melanochromis vermivorus (Jalo Reef)
--- Melanochromis vermivorus (Mumbo Island)
--- Melanochromis vermivorus (Nakantenga)
--- Melanochromis vermivorus (Nkuzi)
--- Melanochromis vermivorus (Zimbawe)
- Melanochromis wochepa -KONINGS-DUDIN, KONINGS & STAUFFER JR, 2009-

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Arten aus der Gattung Melanochromis

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